Farewell to the borders between artistic disciplines
Anyone in the general public who wishes to better understand how technological advancements encourage artists not to specialize, but instead to create multidisciplinary works with new and broader languages.
After a long history of specialization in the arts, only seven were recognized as “fine arts": painting, sculpture, architecture, literature, music, dance, and cinema. History has changed and now other genres such as photography, video, electronic arts, and installation have become fundamental, although they have not yet been recognized as "fine."
Not so long ago, artists were trained and tended to specialize in an artistic discipline, seeking to master the technique and language of an area. In the 1970s, a far-reaching change occurred. The "idea" or "concept" became the linchpin of artistic production. Technological advances have allowed artists to make attractive pieces by using tools that are easier to learn and master.
Now the artist is the one who can present the world through interesting intellectual reflections, no longer the maestro wielding perfect control over the tools and the materials of his art.
This change has allowed languages to be expanded. Artists no longer have to limit themselves to speak only through the medium they know, thus feeling trapped within the borders of the discipline. Now they can extend their ideas and articulate them in different media, without having to follow established rules, allowing themselves freedom to experiment and to start a piece from uncertainty.
Photographers nowadays do not limit themselves to still imagery. One day they might make a video, another day they take a photo, another they make an audio-visual presentation with images, audio, text, and on another day they explore the three-dimensional world and create an installation or a book. Today photographers can produce pictures with a cell phone that allows them to publish the work by automatically uploading it to the net or to stage a performance before a camera which can be transmitted live to all corners of the Earth.
The photographer today speaks to a musician and asks him to put sound to his images, then asks an engineer to put them in a robot, or asks a writer to produce a text that will be distributed as a PDF file on a DVD.
This roundtable’s goal is to analyze these historical changes, the present circumstances of art, and the direction taken by the media, its languages, and artistic tools.
For more information, see Editorial #86, December 2007, Editorial #85, November 2007, and Editorial #80, May 2007.
Profile or Panel Members:
Director of museum.
Note: The panel may consist of all of the above members or just some of them.
Computer and video projector, if necessary.